The formation of a uniform, high tensile stress and low silicide/Si interfacial resistance nickel silicide in nMOSFET by introducing pulsed laser annealing (PLA) is reported. This annealing approach facilitated the phase transformation of nickel silicide to Si-rich NiSi x compounds using a low-thermal-budget process, improves the silicide/Si interface regularity and avoids familiar (111) NiSi 2 facet formation at a laser energy of 1.5 J cm -2 . By increasing laser energy density up to 2.3 J cm -2 , the device performance and statistics junction leakage distribution were degraded due to the increased sheet resistance of silicide layer and the destroyed silicide/Si interface morphology. When the PLA with a laser energy density of 1.5 J cm -2 was employed for nickel silicidation on the p-type Schottky diodes, a 0.16 eV hole Schottky barrier height (SBH) increase from 0.52 to 0.68 eV was observed. In addition, the application of PLA for source/drain silicidation of nMOSFETs demonstrated an 8 enhancement in I on -I off characteristic relative to that obtained through the conventional two-step rapid thermal annealing (RTA). This PLA method holds promise as a potential replacement for current nickel silicide annealing approaches toward extremely scaled-down transistors.
|Journal||Journal of the Electrochemical Society|
|State||Published - 1 Aug 2011|