News recommendations based on collaborative topic modeling and collaborative filtering with generative adversarial networks

Duen Ren Liu*, Yang Huang, Jhen Jie Jhao, Shin Jye Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Online news websites provide huge amounts of timely news, bringing the challenge of recommending personalized news articles. Generative adversarial networks (GAN) based on collaborative filtering (CFGAN) can achieve effective recommendation quality. However, CFGAN ignores item contents, which contain more latent preference features than just user ratings. It is important to consider both ratings and item contents in making preference predictions. This study aims to improve news recommendation by proposing a GAN-based news recommendation model considering both ratings (implicit feedback) and the latent features of news content. Design/methodology/approach: The collaborative topic modeling (CTM) can improve user preference prediction by combining matrix factorization (MF) with latent topics of item content derived from latent topic modeling. This study proposes a novel hybrid news recommendation model, Hybrid-CFGAN, which modifies the architecture of the CFGAN model with enhanced preference learning from the CTM. The proposed Hybrid-CFGAN model contains parallel neural networks – original rating-based preference learning and CTM-based preference learning, which consider both ratings and news content with user preferences derived from the CTM model. A tunable parameter is used to adjust the weights of the two preference learnings, while concatenating the preference outputs of the two parallel neural networks. Findings: This study uses the dataset collected from an online news website, NiusNews, to conduct an experimental evaluation. The results show that the proposed Hybrid-CFGAN model can achieve better performance than the state-of-the-art GAN-based recommendation methods. The proposed novel Hybrid-CFGAN model can enhance existing GAN-based recommendation and increase the performance of preference predictions on textual content such as news articles. Originality/value: As the existing CFGAN model does not consider content information and solely relies on history logs, it may not be effective in recommending news articles. Our proposed Hybrid-CFGAN model modified the architecture of the CFGAN generator by adding a parallel neural network to gain the relevant information from news content and user preferences derived from the CTM model. The novel idea of adjusting the preference learning from two parallel neural networks – original rating-based preference learning and CTM-based preference learning – contributes to improve the recommendation quality of the proposed model by considering both ratings and latent preferences derived from item contents. The proposed novel recommendation model can improve news recommendation, thereby increasing the commercial value of news media platforms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalData Technologies and Applications
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Collaborative topic model
  • Generative adversarial networks
  • Latent Dirichlet allocation
  • Matrix factorization
  • Recommendation systems

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