Series of 4-arylimidazoles, ω-N-acylhistamines and 4-(ω-phenylalkyl) imidazoles were synthesized in order to probe the active site topology of sweet almond β-glucosidase. These imidazole derivatives were shown to be very powerful competitive inhibitors. Among the 20 tested compounds, ω-N-benzoylhistamine and 4-(3'-phenylpropyl)imidazole are the most potent inhibitors of the enzyme, with pH-independent K(i) values of 0.06 and 0.07 μM, respectively. The inhibition of 4-(ω-phenylalkyl)imidazoles exhibited an interesting trend as to K(i) values: 4-phenylimidazole (6.6 μM) > 4-benzylimidazole (1.4 μM) > 4-(2'-phenylethyl)imidazole (0.82 μM)> 4-(3'-phenylpropyl)imidazole (0.07 μM) < 4-(4'-phenylbutyl)imidazole (0.13 μM)< 4-(5'-phenylpentyl) imidazole (0.3 μM). This revealed that the imidazole and aryl binding sites (which result from favorable interactions within the corresponding glycone and aglycone binding subsites) are separated by the optimal distance equivalent to the length of a -CH2-CH2-CH2- group. Substitutions of the phenyl moieties of 4-phenylimidazole and 4-benzoylhistamine result in weaker inhibition. These classes of imidazoles are particularly powerful inhibitors of sweet almond β-glucosidase.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 1998|
- 4-(ω-phenylalkyl) imidazoles