Neuroevolution-based efficient field effect transistor compact device models

Ya Wen Ho, Tejender Singh Rawat, Zheng Kai Yang, Sparsh Pratik, Guan Wen Lai, Yen Liang Tu, Albert Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Artificial neural networks (ANN) and multilayer perceptrons (MLP) have proved to be efficient in terms of designing highly accurate semiconductor device compact models (CM). Their ability to update their weight and biases through the backpropagation method makes them highly useful in learning the task. To improve the learning, MLP usually requires large networks and thus a large number of model parameters, which significantly increases the simulation time in circuit simulation. Hence, optimizing the network architecture and topology is always a tedious yet important task. In this work, we tune the network topology using neuro-evolution (NE) to develop semiconductor device CMs. With input and output layers defined, we have allowed a genetic algorithm (GA), a gradient-free algorithm, to tune the network architecture in combination with Adam, a gradient-based backpropagation algorithm, for the network weight and bias optimization. In addition, we implemented the MLP model using a similar number of parameters as the baseline for comparison. It is observed that in most of the cases, the NE models exhibit a lower root mean square error (RMSE) and require fewer training epochs compared to the MLP baseline models. For instance, for patience number 10 with different number of model parameters, the RMSE for test dataset using NE and MLP in unit of log(ampere) are 0.1461, 0.0985, 0.1274, 0.0971, 0.0705, and 0.2254, 0.1423, 0.1429, 0.1425, 0.1391, respectively, for the 28nm technology node at foundry.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Fitting
  • Genetic algorithms
  • Integrated circuit modeling
  • Machine learning
  • Mathematical models
  • Metal oxide semiconductor (MOS)
  • Neuroevolution
  • Physics
  • Semiconductor device compact model
  • Semiconductor devices
  • Topology


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