A novel memory device based on laterally bridged ZnO nanorods (NRs) in the opposite direction was fabricated by the hydrothermal growth method and characterized. The electrodes were defined by a simple photolithography method. This method has lower cost, simpler process, and higher reliability than the traditional focused ion beam lithography method. For the first time, the negative differential resistance and bistable unipolar resistive switching (RS) behavior in the current-voltage curve was observed at room temperature. The memory device is stable and rewritable; it has an ultra-low current level of about 1 × 10-13 A in the high resistance state; and it is nonvolatile with an on-off current ratio of up to 1.56 × 106. Moreover, its peak-to-valley current ratio of negative differential resistance behavior is greater than 1.76 × 102. The negative differential resistance and RS behavior of this device may be related to the boundaries between the opposite bridged ZnO NRs. Specifically, the RS behavior found in ZnO NR devices with a remarkable isolated boundary at the NR/NR interface was discussed for the first time. The memory mechanism of laterally bridged ZnO NR-based devices has not been discussed in the literature yet. In this work, results show that laterally bridged ZnO NR-based devices may have next-generation resistive memories and nanoelectronic applications.
- hydrothermal growth
- laterally bridged
- resistive random access memory
- ZnO nanorod