Nanoparticle Assembling Dynamics Induced by Pulsed Optical Force

Jim Jui-Kai Chen, Wei Yi Chiang*, Tetsuhiro Kudo, Anwar Usman, Hiroshi Masuhara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Femtosecond (fs) laser trapping dynamics is summarized for silica, hydrophobically modified silica, and polystyrene nanoparticles (NPs) in aqueous solution, highlighting their distinct optical trapping dynamics under CW laser. Mutually repulsive silica nanoparticles are tightly confined under fs laser compared to CW laser trapping and, upon increasing laser power, they are ejected from the focus as an assembly. Hydrophobically modified silica and polystyrene (PS) NPs are sequentially ejected just like a stream or ablated, giving bubbles. The ejection and bubbling take place with the direction perpendicular to laser polarization and its direction is randomly switched from one to the other. These characteristic features are interpreted from the viewpoint of single assembly formation of NPs at an asymmetric position in the optical potential. Temporal change in optical forces map is prepared for a single PS NP by calculating scattering, gradient, and temporal forces. The relative contribution of the forces changes with the volume increase of the assembly and, when the pushing force along the trapping pulse propagation overcome the gradient in the focal plane, the assembly undergoes the ejection. Further fs multiphoton absorption is induced for the larger assembly leading to bubble generation. The assembling, ejection, and bubbling dynamics of NPs are characteristic features of pulsed optical force and are considered as a new platform for developing new material fabrication method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1473-1488
Number of pages16
JournalChemical Record
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • femtosecond laser
  • nanoparticle
  • optical assembling
  • optical force
  • Optical trapping


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