Nanomechanical properties of Ag solder bumps doped with Pd and Au

Hua Chiang Wen*, Wu-Ching Chou, Shiuan-Huei Lin, Don Son Jiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


As an approach to increasing their reliability, we doped Ag solder bumps with Pd and Au alloys to enhance their creep resistance, which we characterized using a nanoindentation technique. The hardnesses of the pure Ag and the Ag solders doped with Pd:3%, Pd:5%, and Pd:2%-Au:3% were 0.6 ± 0.1, 1.8 ± 0.2, 2.8 ± 0.3, and 3.1 ± 0.5 GPa, respectively. Although the hardness of the Ag solder was enhanced significantly when it contained Pd:2%-Au:3%, it exhibited a lower creep exponent (n > 2). The mechanism of the thermal recovery of the sample appears to be associated with activation of dislocation sources—also the reason for the decrease in hardness. The compounds doped with Pd:2%-Au:3% displayed significantly greater bond strengths and creep exponents, whereas the Pd-only compounds exhibited poorer reliability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-275
Number of pages6
JournalMicroelectronics Reliability
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017


  • Ag solder
  • Creep
  • Hardness
  • Nanoindentation
  • Strength
  • Thermal treatment


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