Monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDAR; EC 18.104.22.168) is one of the key enzymes in the conversion of oxidized ascorbate (AsA) back to reduced AsA in plants. This study investigated the role of MDAR in the tolerance of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii P.A. Dangeard to photooxidative stress by overexpression and downregulation of the CrMDAR1 gene. For overexpression of CrMDAR1 driven by a HSP70A:RBCS2 fusion promoter, the cells survived under very high-intensity light stress (VHL, 1,800 μmolm-2s-1), while the survival of CC-400 and vector only control (vector without insert) cells decreased for 1.5 h under VHL stress. VHL increased lipid peroxidation of CC-400 but did not alter lipid peroxidation in CrMDAR1 overexpression lines. Additionally, overexpression of CrMDAR1 showed an increase in viability, CrMDAR1 transcript abundance, enzyme activity and the AsA: dehydroascorbate (DHA) ratio. Next, MDAR was downregulated to examine the essential role of MDAR under high light condition (HL, 1,400 μmolm-2s-1). The CrMDAR1 knockdown amiRNA line exhibited a low MDAR transcript abundance and enzyme activity and the survival decreased under HL conditions. Additionally, HL illumination decreased CrMDAR1 transcript abundance, enzyme activity and AsA:DHA ratio of CrMDAR1-downregulation amiRNA lines. Methyl viologen (an O2- generator), H2O2 and NaCl treatment could induce an increase in CrMDAR1 transcript level. It represents reactive oxygen species are one of the factor inducing CrMDAR1 gene expression. In conclusion, MDAR plays a role in the tolerance of Chlamydomonas cells to photooxidative stress.
- High-intensity light stress
- Monodehydroascorbate reductase