Modeling rock joint behavior using a rough-joint model

Chia Chi Chiu, Meng-Chia Weng*, Tsan Hwei Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


This study proposed a rough-joint model to simulate the strength and deformability of rock joint under various loadings. The proposed model adopted the Barton model to consider the roughness effect of joint. To implement the rough-joint model in DEM software, three calculation modifications are performed. Afterward, the proposed model was verified by comparing to theoretical model. The comparisons showed that the proposed model is versatile in simulating the shear displacement, normal closure, and shear dilation of joint. Moreover, this study investigated the influence of particle size on the applicability of rough-joint model, and the results indicate that particle sizes have no significant influence on shear behavior, which indicates the rough-joint model is suitable for different scale simulations. Finally, the proposed model was applied on the simulation of jointed rock mass. The simulation was compared with the experimental data of artificial jointed rock mass. The simulation results reveal that the proposed model reasonably reflects the varying strength and elastic modulus of rock mass under different joint orientations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-25
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016


  • Discrete element method
  • Joint
  • Rock mass
  • Roughness
  • Smooth-joint model


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