Model for Predicting Complications of Hemodialysis Patients Using Data from the Internet of Medical Things and Electronic Medical Records

Wen Huai Hsieh, Cooper Cheng Yuan Ku, Humble Po Ching Hwang, Min Juei Tsai, Zheng Zhun Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Intelligent models for predicting hemodialysis-related complications, i.e., hypotension and the deterioration of the quality or obstruction of the AV fistula, based on machine learning (ML) methods were established to offer early warnings to medical staff and give them enough time to provide pre-emptive treatment. Methods: A novel integration platform collected data from the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) at a dialysis center and inspection results from electronic medical records (EMR) to train ML algorithms and build models. The selection of the feature parameters was implemented using Pearson’s correlation method. Then, the eXtreme Gradient Boost (XGBoost) algorithm was chosen to create the predictive models and optimize the feature choice. 75% of collected data are used as a training dataset and the other 25% are used as a testing dataset. Results: We adopted the prediction precision and recall rate of hypotension and AV fistula obstruction to measure the effectiveness of the predictive models. These rates were sufficiently high at approximately 71%–90%. Conclusion: In the context of hemodialysis, hypotension and the deterioration of the quality or obstruction of the arteriovenous (AV) fistula affect treatment quality and patient safety and may lead to a poor prognosis. Our prediction models with high accuracies can provide excellent references and signals for clinical healthcare service providers. Clinical and Translational Impact Statement: With the integrated dataset collected from IoMT and EMR, the superior predictive results of our models for complications of hemodialysis patients are demonstrated. We believe, after enough clinical tests are implemented as planned, these models can assist the healthcare team in making appropriate preparations in advance or adjusting the medical procedures to avoid these adverse events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous fistula obstruction
  • Biomedical monitoring
  • Blood
  • Electronic medical records
  • Hemodialysis complication prediction
  • Hypotension
  • Hypotension
  • Internet of Medical Things
  • Medical diagnostic imaging
  • Prediction algorithms
  • Predictive models
  • Support vector machines

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