Microvascular reactivity using laser Doppler measurement in type 2 diabetes with subclinical atherosclerosis

Pi Chang Sun*, Cheng Deng Kuo, Shun Hwa Wei, Hong Da Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Microangiopathy should be noted in diabetes with subclinical vascular diseases. Little is known about whether various surrogate markers of systemic arterial trees exacerbate simultaneously in preclinical atherosclerosis. To clarify the association of skin microvascular reactivity with arterial stiffness is essential to elucidating early atherosclerotic changes. The post-occlusive reactive hyperemia of skin microcirculation was evaluated in 27 control and 65 type 2 diabetic subjects, including 31 microalbuminuria (MAU) and 34 normoalbuminuria (NAU) patients. The laser Doppler skin perfusion signals were transformed into three frequency intervals for the investigation of endothelial, neurogenic, and myogenic effects on basal and reactive flow motion changes. The analysis of spectral intensity and distribution provided insight into potential significance of microvascular regulation in subclinical atherosclerotic diseases. Systemic arterial stiffness was studied by the brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Following occlusive ischemia, the percent change of endothelial flow motion was lower in MAU than in NAU and control groups. The MAU group revealed a relative increase in myogenic activity and a decrease in endothelial activity in normalized spectra. The baPWV showed more significant associations with reactive endothelial change (r = − 0.48, P < 0.01) and normalized myogenic value (r = − 0.37, P < 0.05) than diabetes duration and HbA1c. By multivariate regression analysis, only endothelial vasomotor changes independently contributed to the decreased baPWV (OR 3.47, 95% CI 1.63–7.42, P < 0.05). Impaired microcirculatory control is associated with increased arterial stiffness in preclinical atherosclerosis. To identify the early manifestations is necessary for at-risk patients to prevent from further vascular damage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number80
JournalLasers in Medical Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Brachial ankle pulse wave velocity
  • Diabetes
  • Laser Doppler flowmetry
  • Microcirculation


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