Microstructure and properties of Cu-rich 123: Part II. Homogeneous copper and high magnetic Jc

J. P. Zhang, D. J. Li, C. Boldt, R. Plass, V. Dravid, L. D. Marks, A. Sodonis, W. Wolbach, J. M. Chabala, R. Levi-Setti, Chun-Hsiung Lin, J. A. Eades

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Copper- and yttrium-rich YBa2Cu3O7 bulk superconductors have been prepared by mixing copper oxide or yttrium oxide in nitric acid and adding the solution to premade stoichiometric YBa2Cu3O7 followed by annealing. In contrast to materials made by mixing oxide powders, both samples contain copper-rich defects spread homogeneously throughout the grains, either small platelet copper oxide precipitates or bundles of planar defects (Cu-O double planes). These materials also show large magnetic hysteresis at 77 K, comparable to the results obtained from decomposed YBa2Cu4O8. This implies that small copper oxide precipitates and bundles of planar defects are strong flux pinners, and indicates a processing route to producing large amounts of strongly intragranular pinned superconductors. However, the materials also show clean grain boundaries, so an equally valid interpretation is that there is a substantial component of intergranular superconductivity in field, enhancing the effective circuit size to a value far larger than the grain size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1232-1239
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1993


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