Immunotherapy benefits selected cases of gastric cancer (GC), but the correlation between biomarkers and prognosis is still unclear. Fifty-two patients with GC who underwent immunother-apy were enrolled from June 2016 to December 2020. Their clinical features and biomarkers—mi-crosatellite instability-high (MSI-H), programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS), and Epstein–Barr encoding region (EBER)—were analyzed. Eight patients had MSI-H, five patients had EBER, 29 patients had CPS ≥ 1, and 20 patients had no biomarker. The overall response rates (ORRs) of the MSI-H, EBER, PD-L1 CPS ≥ 1, and all-negative group were 75%, 60%, 44.8%, and 15%, respectively. Compared with that of the all-negative group, progression-free survival (PFS) was better in the MSI-H (p = 0.018), CPS ≥ 5 (p = 0.012), and CPS ≥ 10 (p = 0.006) groups, but not in the EBER (p = 0.2) and CPS ≥ 1 groups (p = 0.35). Ten patients had combined biomarkers, CPS ≥ 1 with either MSI-H or EBER. The ORRs were 66.7% for CPS ≥ 1 and MSI-H and 75% for CPS ≥ 1 and EBER. PFS was better in patients with combined biomarkers (p = 0.01). MSI-H, EBER, and CPS are useful biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of immunotherapy.
- Epstein–Barr virus
- Gastric cancer
- Microsatellite instability
- Programmed cell death ligand 1