MicroRNA-29b regulates migration in oral squamous cell carcinoma and its clinical significance

Cheng Ning Yang, Yi Ting Deng, Jia Yu Tang, Shih Jung Cheng, Szu Ta Chen, Yue Ju Li, Tai Sheng Wu, Muh Hwa Yang, Been Ren Lin, Mark Yen Ping Kuo, Jenq Yuh Ko, Cheng Chi Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Objectives: MicroRNA (miRNA) machinery regulates cancer cell behavior, and has been implicated in patients' clinical status and prognosis. We found that microRNA-29b (miR-29b) increased significantly in advanced migratory cells. However, miR-29b controls the migration ability, and its regulatory mechanism in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains unknown. Materials and methods: We triggered miR-29b expression in OSCC patients and cell lines by conducting real-time quantitative PCR. We determined the functions of miR-29b in the migration of OSCC cells by using gain- and loss-of-function approaches. We elevated the target genes of miR29b through software predictions and a luciferase report assay. We used an orthotopic OSCC animal model to investigate the effects of miR29b on OSCC cell metastasis in vivo. Results: The clinical data revealed that miR-29b expression was correlated with lymph node metastasis and an advanced tumor stage in 98 OSCC patients. Furthermore, multivariate analysis revealed that miR-29b expression was significantly correlated with recurrence, and indicated poor survival. MiR-29b promoted OSCC cell migration and downregulated CX3CL1, a cell-cell adhesion regulator, which plays an essential role in miR-29b-regulated OSCC cell migration machinery. Furthermore, we found that CX3CL1 expression was correlated with lymph node metastasis and an early tumor stage in OSCC patients, and negatively correlated with miR-29b expression. Conclusion: MiR-29b acts as an oncomir, promoting cell migration through CX3CL1 suppression, and could be a potential therapeutic target for preventing OSCC progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-177
Number of pages8
JournalOral Oncology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015


  • CX3CL1
  • Migration
  • miR-29b
  • Oral cancer


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