Micro/Nanoscale bonding and surface glass transition temperature of polymers under carbon dioxide

Yong Yang*, Dehua Liu, L. James Lee, David Tomasko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Studies of polymer thin films revealed that properties of polymers at the surface are different from those in the bulk. The most striking among these properties is the glass transition temperature, T g. In this study, the surface T g of poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) under carbon dioxide (CO 2) was evaluated by embedding gold nanoparticles onto PLGA surfaces. The T g profiles at the surface were determined by measuring the apparent height of embedded nanoparticles using atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was shown that CO 2 could greatly depress the T g near the surface. Using this idea, we demonstrated near room temperature bonding of polymers at a length scale as small as 3.9 μm. This CO 2 bonding technique was successfully applied to seal polystyrene-based microfluidic chips and construct three-dimensional (3D) PLGA tissue scaffolds with well-defined structure.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
StatePublished - May 2004
EventANTEC 2004 - Annual Technical Conference Proceedings - Chicago, IL., United States
Duration: 16 May 200420 May 2004


ConferenceANTEC 2004 - Annual Technical Conference Proceedings
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago, IL.


  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide)
  • Surface T


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