Measure of association

Guan-Hua Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Scopus citations


In this article, we provide recommendations for measures of association between two variables, where the type of variable can be continuous, discrete ordinal, or discrete nominal. When there exist confounding effects or tied data, appropriate adjustment should be made. Through the article, examples are provided for illustration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Education
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780080448947
StatePublished - 2010


  • Agreement
  • Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel procedure
  • Continuous
  • Correlation
  • Kappa statistic
  • Kendall's tau
  • Nominal
  • Odds ratio
  • Ordinal
  • Partial correlation
  • Rank correlation


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