Mathematical Modeling of Oscillometric Blood Pressure Measurement: A Complete, Reduced Oscillogram Model

Vishaal Dhamotharan, Anand Chandrasekhar, Hao Min Cheng, Chen Huan Chen, Shih Hsien Sung, Cederick Landry, Jin Oh Hahn, Aman Mahajan, Sanjeev G. Shroff, Ramakrishna Mukkamala*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: Oscillogram modeling is a powerful tool for understanding and advancing popular oscillometric blood pressure (BP) measurement. A reduced oscillogram model relating cuff pressure oscillation amplitude (Δ O) to external cuff pressure of the artery (Pe) is: Δ O (Pe = kPd-PePs-Pe g(P)dP, where g(P) is the arterial compliance versus transmural pressure (P) curve, Ps and {P}_d are systolic and diastolic BP, and k is the reciprocal of the cuff compliance. The objective was to determine an optimal functional form for the arterial compliance curve. Methods: Eight prospective, three-parameter functions of the brachial artery compliance curve were compared. The study data included oscillometric arm cuff pressure waveforms and invasive brachial BP from 122 patients covering a 20-120 mmHg pulse pressure range. The oscillogram measurements were constructed from the cuff pressure waveforms. Reduced oscillogram models, inputted with measured systolic and diastolic BP and each parametric brachial artery compliance curve function, were optimally fitted to the oscillogram measurements in the least squares sense. Results: An exponential-linear function yielded as good or better model fits compared to the other functions, with errors of 7.9±0.3 and 5.1±0.2% for tail-Trimmed and lower half-Trimmed oscillogram measurements. Importantly, this function was also the most tractable mathematically. Conclusion: A three-parameter exponential-linear function is an optimal form for the arterial compliance curve in the reduced oscillogram model and may thus serve as the standard function for this model henceforth. Significance: The complete, reduced oscillogram model determined herein can potentially improve oscillometric BP measurement accuracy while advancing foundational knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-722
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • Arterial compliance
  • blood pressure determination
  • cuffless blood pressure
  • derivative oscillometry
  • fixed ratios
  • mathematical model
  • oscillometry
  • parameter estimation


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