Manifestation of work function difference in high order gundlach oscillation

Chun-Liang Lin*, S. M. Lu, W. B. Su, H. T. Shih, B. F. Wu, Y. D. Yao, C. S. Chang, Tien T. Tsong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Gundlach oscillation (or the standing-wave state) is a general phenomenon manifesting in the tunneling spectrum acquired from a metal surface using scanning tunneling spectroscopy. Previous studies relate the energy shift between peaks of the lowest-order Gundlach oscillation observed on the thin film and the metal substrate to the difference in their work functions. By observing Gundlach oscillations on Ag/Au(111), Ag/Cu(111), and Co/Cu(111) systems, we demonstrate that the work function difference is not the energy shift of the lowest order but the ones of higher order where a constant energy shift exhibits. Higher order Gundlach oscillations can thus be applied to determine the work function of thin metal films precisely.

Original languageEnglish
Article number216103
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number21
StatePublished - 20 Nov 2007


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