Magnetic resonance radiomics-derived sphericity correlates with seizure in brain arteriovenous malformations

Jih Yuan Lin, Chia Feng Lu, Yong Sin Hu, Huai Che Yang, Yo Tsen Liu, Jing Kai Loo, Kang Lung Lee, Chien Yi Liao, Feng Chi Chang, Kang Du Liou, Chung Jung Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Angioarchitectural analysis of brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) is qualitative and subject to interpretation. This study quantified the morphology of and signal changes in the nidal and perinidal areas by using MR radiomics and compared the performance of MR radiomics and angioarchitectural analysis in detecting epileptic BAVMs. Materials and methods: From 2010 to 2020, a total of 111 patients with supratentorial BAVMs were retrospectively included and grouped in accordance with the initial presentation of seizure. Patients’ angiograms and MR imaging results were analyzed to determine the corresponding angioarchitecture. The BAVM nidus was contoured on time-of-flight MR angiography images. The perinidal brain parenchyma was contoured on T2-weighted images, followed by radiomic analysis. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the independent risk factors for seizure. ROC curve analysis, decision curve analysis (DCA), and calibration curve were performed to compare the performance of angioarchitecture-based and radiomics-based models in diagnosing epileptic BAVMs. Results: In multivariate analyses, low sphericity (OR: 2012.07, p =.04) and angiogenesis (OR: 5.30, p =.01) were independently associated with a high risk of seizure after adjustment for age, sex, temporal location, and nidal volume. The AUC for the angioarchitecture-based, MR radiomics-based, and combined models was 0.672, 0.817, and 0.794, respectively. DCA confirmed the clinical utility of the MR radiomics-based and combined models. Conclusions: Low nidal sphericity and angiogenesis were associated with high seizure risk in patients with BAVMs. MR radiomics-derived tools may be used for noninvasive and objective measurement for evaluating the risk of seizure due to BAVM. Clinical relevance statement: Low nidal sphericity was associated with high seizure risk in patients with brain arteriovenous malformation and MR radiomics may be used as a noninvasive and objective measurement method for evaluating seizure risk in patients with brain arteriovenous malformation. Key Points: • Low nidal sphericity was associated with high seizure risk in patients with brain arteriovenous malformation. • The performance of MR radiomics in detecting epileptic brain arteriovenous malformations was more satisfactory than that of angioarchitectural analysis. • MR radiomics may be used as a noninvasive and objective measurement method for evaluating seizure risk in patients with brain arteriovenous malformation. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous malformations
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Seizures

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