Magnetic ordering anisotropy in epitaxial orthorhombic multiferroic YMnO3 films

C. C. Hsieh, T. H. Lin, H. C. Shih, C. H. Hsu, Chih-Wei Luo, Jiunn-Yuan Lin, Kaung-Hsiung Wu, T. M. Uen, Jenh-Yih Juang

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24 Scopus citations


Orthorhombic YMnO3 thin films with (200), (020), and (001) orientations were, respectively, obtained by pulsed laser deposition on SrTiO3 (110), LaAlO3 (110), and SrTiO3 (001) substrates. The results demonstrate that the strain between film and substrate can serve as an alternative in transforming the thermodynamically stable hexagonal YMnO3 into the orthorhombic phase, which previously could be obtained with high-pressure high temperature syntheses and epitaxy-stabilized thin film processes. More importantly, these films allow us, for the first time, to unambiguously disclose the intrinsic magnetic property along different crystallographic orientations. Our results show that, although the antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering remains the same, there is an additional spin reordering transition which is very much dependent on the crystallographic orientation along which the measuring field was applied and on the in-plane crystallographic alignment of the films. Detailed analyses indicate that the origin of the observed second reordering may be due to some strain-induced canted AFM state instead of the incommensurate lock-in transitions conceived previously.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103912
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - 19 Nov 2008


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