Machine learning-based energy-spectrum two-dimensional cognition in energy harvesting CRNs

Yongjian Fan, Wenjun Xu*, Chia-Han Lee, Silei Wu, Fan Yang, Ping Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Energy harvesting cognitive radio network (EH-CRN) is a promising approach to address the shortage of spectrum resources and the increase of energy consumption simultaneously in wireless networks. In this article, we propose a novel machine learning (ML)-based energy-spectrum two-dimensional (2D) cognition technology to improve the sensing accuracy as well as the network throughput in EH-CRNs, which consists of sensing, prediction and decision modules. More specifically, we first study the 2D sensing module which is achieved by a carefully constructed dynamic Bayesian network (DBN) to effectively exploit the coupling between spectrum usage and energy harvesting in EH-CRNs. Then we propose a deep neural network (DNN) based 2D transmission decision module to optimize the transmission energy of secondary users (SUs). With our proposed novel 2D cognition scheme, SUs can characterize the energy-spectrum correlation and transmit data with optimal transmission energy. The proposed ML-based 2D cognition is evaluated via extensive simulations in terms of sensing accuracy, prediction accuracy, and network throughput, and simulation results indicate that our proposed scheme significantly outperforms the conventional one-dimensional (1D) cognition scheme working in spectrum or energy dimension only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158911-158927
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - Aug 2020


  • 2D cognition
  • Energy harvesting CRNs
  • Energy-spectrum correlation
  • Machine learning
  • Probability graph model


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