Lower limb power rehabilitation (LLPR) using interactive video game for improvement of balance function in older people

Po Yin Chen, Shun Hwa Wei, Wan Ling Hsieh, Jang Rong Cheen, Liang Kung Chen, Chung Lan Kao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Declined balance functions have adverse effects on elderly population. Lower limbs muscle power training is currently an emerging concept in rehabilitation on individuals with decreased balance and mobility. In this prospective, controlled study, we used a human-computer interactive video-game-based rehabilitation device (LLPR) for training of lower limb muscle power in the elderly. Forty (aged > 65. years) individuals were recruited from the community. Twenty participants in the exercise group received 30-min training, twice a week, using the LLPR system. The LLPR system allows participants to perform fast speed sit-to-stand (STS) movements. Twenty age-matched participants in the control group performed slow speed STS movements, as well as strengthening and balance exercises, with the same frequency and duration. The results were compared after 12 sessions (6. weeks) of training. The mechanical and time parameters during STS movement were measured using the LLPR system. Modified falls efficacy scale (MFES), Tinetti Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA), function reach test, five times sit to stand (FTSS) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) were administered to participants as clinical assessments. Results showed that in the exercise group, all the mechanical and time parameters showed significant improvement. In control group, only the maximal vertical ground reaction force (MVGRF) improved significantly. For clinical assessments (balance, mobility, and self-confidence), exercise group showed significantly better scores. The STS movements in video-game-based training mimic real life situations which may help to transfer the training effects into daily activities. The effectiveness of lower limb muscle training is worthy of further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-682
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 2012


  • Balance
  • Fall
  • Interactive video game rehabilitation
  • Lower limbs muscle power
  • The elderly


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