Introduction: The presence of bipolar low-voltage zone (LVZ) is a predictor of AF recurrence after PV isolation (PVI). However, changes of wavefront and bipole directions may cause different electrogram characteristics. We aimed to investigate whether using omnipolar maximum voltage (Vmax) map derived from high density (HD) Grid mapping catheter could assess LVZ and AF ablation outcome accurately. Methods: Fifty paroxysmal AF patients (27 males, 57.8 ± 9.5 years old) who underwent 3D mapping guided PVI were enrolled. Left atrial voltage mapping during sinus rhythm before ablation was performed. The significant LVZ (<0.5 mV with area > 5 cm2) were defined as sites by omnipolar Vmax, bipolar HD wave map, conventional bipolar electrograms acquired from electrode pairs along to and across to the catheter shaft. The primary end point was the first documented recurrence of any AF during follow-ups. Results: PVI was performed in all patients, and there were 2 patients (4%) who also received additional non-PV triggers ablation. After a follow-up of 11.4 ± 5.4 months, recurrence of AF occurred in 12 patients (24%). The presence of a significant LVZ was less detected by omnipolar Vmax map, compared to HD wave map (24.0% vs. 58.0%, p = 0.001). LVZ detected by omnipolar Vmax map independently predicted the AF recurrence (odds ratio 16.91; 95% CI, 3.17–90.10; p = 0.001). Conclusion: LVZ detected by omnipolar Vmax map accurately predicts the AF recurrence following ablation in paroxysmal AF, compared to conventional bipolar and HD wave maps, suggesting the omnipolar Vmax map can precisely define the atrial substrate property.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiology|
|State||Published - 15 Mar 2022|
- Atrial fibrillation
- Low voltage zone
- Omnipolar technology
- Pulmonary vein isolation