Low-False-Alarm-Rate Timing and Duration Estimation of Noisy Frequency Agile Signal by Image Homogeneous Detection and Morphological Signature Matching Schemes

Yuan Pin Cheng*, Chia Hsuan Chang, Jung Chih Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Frequency hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) applies widely to communication and radar systems to ensure communication information and channel signal quality by tuning frequency within a wide frequency range in a random sequence. An efficient signal processing scheme to resolve the timing and duration signature from an FHSS signal provides crucial information for signal detection and radio band management purposes. In this research, hopping time was first identified by a two-dimensional temporal correlation function (TCF). The timing information was shown at TCF phase discontinuities. To enhance and resolve the timing signature of TCF in a noisy environment, three stages of signature enhancement and morphological matching processes were applied: first, computing the TCF of the FHSS signal and enhancing discontinuities via wavelet transform; second, a dual-diagonal edge finding scheme to extract the timing pattern signature and eliminate mismatching distortion morphologically; finally, Hough transform resolved the agile frequency timing from purified line segments. A grand-scale Monte Carlo simulation of the FHSS signals with additive white Gaussian noise was carried out in the research. The results demonstrated reliable hopping time estimation obtained in SNR at 0 dB and above, with a minimal false detection rate of 1.79%, while the prior related research had an unattended false detection rate of up to 35.29% in such a noisy environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2094
JournalSensors
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • diagonal edge finding
  • discrete wavelet transfer
  • dual-diagonal operator
  • FHSS detection
  • Hough transform
  • image erosion
  • median filter
  • morphological matching process
  • temporal correlation function

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