Long-term prognosis of vascular access in hemodialysis patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective cohort study

Fan Yu Chen, Chun Fan Chen, Ann Charis Tan, Chia Hao Chan, Fu An Chen, Wen Sheng Liu, Tz Heng Chen, Shuo Ming Ou, Szu Yuan Li, Ming Tsun Tsai, Yung Tai Chen, Chih Ching Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have a higher risk of vascular complications. This retrospective cohort study aimed to analyze the differences in the risk of arteriovenous fistula or graft (AVF/AVG) dysfunction in hemodialysis patients with and without SLE from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Database over a 10-year period. AVF/AVG dysfunction is defined as the occurrence of the first episode of intervention after vascular access creation. A total of 1366 HD patients with SLE had higher incidence rates of AVF/AVG dysfunction than 4098 non-SLE HD patients in the following 4 periods: (1) after 1 year (incidence rates = 15.21% and 13.01%, respectively; subdistribution hazard ratio (SHR) = 1.16; P = 0.007), (2) 1st-to-10th-year period (15.36% and 13.25%; SHR = 1.16; P = 0.007), (3) 5th-to-10th-year period (11.91% and 8.1%; SHR = 1.42; P = 0.003), and (4) overall period (23.53% and 21.66%; SHR = 1.09; P = 0.027). In conclusion, there were significantly higher incidence rates of AVF/AVG dysfunction in SLE patients during the long-term follow-up period. Vascular access function should be monitored regularly by clinical examinations, especially after 1 year and during 5 to 10 years, to improve AVF/AVG patency and dialysis adequacy in SLE patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12519
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term prognosis of vascular access in hemodialysis patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective cohort study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this