The miR-31 host gene (MIR31HG) encodes a long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) that harbors miR-31 in its intron 2, miR-31 promotes malignant neoplastic progression. Overexpression of MIR31HG and of miR-31 occurs during oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the downstream effectors modulated by MIR31HG during OSCC pathogenesis remain unclear. The present study identifies up-regulation of MIR31HG expression during the potentially premalignant disorder stage of oral carcinogenesis. The potential of MIR31HG to enhance oncogenicity and to activate Wnt and FAK was identified when there was exogenous MIR31HG expression in OSCC cells. Furthermore, OSCC cell subclones with MIR31HG deleted were established using a Crispr/Cas9 strategy. RNA sequencing data obtained from cells expressing MIR31HG, cells with MIR31HG deleted and cells with miR-31 deleted identified 17 candidate genes that seem to be modulated by MIR31HG in OSCC cells. A TCGA database algorithm pinpointed MMP1, BMP2 and Limb-Bud and Heart development (LBH) as effector genes controlled by MIR31HG during OSCC. Exogenous LBH expression decreases tumor cell invasiveness, while knockdown of LBH reverses the oncogenic suppression present in MIR31HG deletion subclones. The study provides novel insights demonstrating the contribution of the MIR31HG-LBH cascade to oral carcinogenesis.