Liquidus projection of the ternary Bi-Sb-Te thermoelectric material system

Chih Hao Liu, Hsin-Jay Wu, Sinn Wen Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The ternary Bi-Sb-Te system is important for thermoelectric applications. Its liquidus projection is determined, except for the Bi-rich corner with various unconfirmed binary Bi-Te compounds. Fifty Bi-Sb-Te ternary alloys are prepared. Primary solidification phases are identified using metallographic observations and X-ray diffraction techniques. Phase transformation temperatures are determined using differential thermal analysis. No ternary compound is found. (Bi,Sb)2Te3 and (Bi,Sb) are continuous solid solutions. The Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 phases form a pseudo-binary section. Alloys of the primary solidification phases of Te, (Bi,Sb)2Te3, γ, δ, and (Bi,Sb) are determined and the boundaries of various primary solidification phases are delineated. The Bi-Sb-Te liquidus projection is also calculated with the CALPHAD method using preliminary thermodynamic models, and the calculated results are qualitatively in agreement with the experimental determinations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5424-5433
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2013


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