While nitric oxide (NO) can remedy vasoconstriction, inhalation of NO may cause systematic toxicity. We report a goldsome, which comprises a hollowed poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymersome with S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO, a NO donor) molecules and gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) incorporated in its hydrophilic core and hydrophobic membrane, respectively. Photothermal heating caused breakdown of polymersomes and enabled NO generation through reaction between GSNO and Au NPs. Photo-illumination at the zebrafish head led to local NO generation and selective cerebral vasodilation while it had little effects in regions away from the illumination site, and effectively mitigated hypoxia induced cerebral vasoconstriction. We demonstrate a translational potential by showing photo-stimulated NO generation with a clinical intravascular optical catheter. In conclusion, the goldsome, which enables light stimulated local NO generation and can be delivered with clinical intravascular optical catheters, should extend applications of NO therapies while surmounting limitations associated with systemic administration.
|Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
|Published - Nov 2020
- Intravascular optical catheter
- Nitric oxide