Levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells inversely correlate with manic and positive symptom severity in patients with bipolar disorder

Ying Jay Liou, Mu Hong Chen, Ju Wei Hsu, Kai Lin Huang, Po Hsun Huang*, Ya Mei Bai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Patients with bipolar disorder (BPD) are at high risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) that are attributed to endothelial dysfunction. Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (cEPCs) are proposed as indicators of endothelial dysfunction. This study examined the relationship of cEPC numbers with BPD diagnosis and its clinical symptoms in patients with BPD. Methods: We recruited 48 patients with BPD and 50 healthy controls (HCs). All the patients had scores of <13 on the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS). In addition to the YMRS and Clinical Global Impression for BPD (CGI-BP), bipolar patients were assessed using relevant measurements for their depression, anxiety, general psychopathology, cognitive dysfunction and deficit, somatic symptoms, quality of life, and level of disability. cEPC counts were measured using flow cytometry. Results: The numbers of immature and mature cEPCs in the bipolar patients did not significantly differ from those in the HCs. After correction for multiple comparisons and controlling for body mass index and smokers, the number of immature cEPCs was observed to be inversely correlated with CGI-BP (corrected p [pcorr] =.00018) and positive scores in the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS-P; pcorr =.0049). The number of mature cEPCs was inversely correlated with YMRS (pcorr =.014), CGI-BP (pcorr =.00022), and PANSS-P (pcorr =.0049) scores. In multivariate stepwise analysis, numbers of both types of cEPCs were associated with CGI-BP. Conclusions: cEPC levels, an indicator of endothelial dysfunction and risk of CVDs, may be associated manic and positive symptom severities in patients with BPD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2570
JournalBrain and Behavior
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • bipolar disorder
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • circulating endothelial progenitor cells

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