Leisure Activities and Well-Being among Older Adults with Possible Sarcopenia and Multimorbidity

Yen Ling Huang, Szu Ying Lee, Heng Hsin Tung*, Li Ning Peng, Liang Kung Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Participation leisure activities can improve well-being. However, research on leisure activities and perceived well-being among older adults with possible sarcopenia and multimorbidity is limited. The aims of the study were to explore the relationship between leisure activities and well-being among older adults with possible sarcopenia and multimorbidity. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to explore the relationship between leisure activities and well-being among older adults who have possible sarcopenia. Demographic questionnaire, the Leisure Time Physical Activity Scale, and the Well-being Visual Analogue Scale were used. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship with leisure activities and well-being among the demographic variables. Results: A total of 241 participants were recruited. Age, occupation, exercise habits, weekly exercise frequency, and duration of each exercise were significantly correlated with overall participation in leisure activities for older adults with possible sarcopenia. Educational background, occupation, living conditions, and duration of exercise were found to be significantly correlated with the perceived well-being. Leisure activities were significantly correlated with well-being. Further, social activities were determined to be an effective predictor of well-being. Conclusions: The leisure activities and well-being of older adults with possible sarcopenia and multimorbidity are significantly correlated. Patients who participate more frequently in leisure activities have greater perceived well-being. Participation in social activities is likely to generate strong feelings of well-being. Encouraging such patients to participate in leisure activities can enhance their perceived well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-383
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Gerontology
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • leisure activities
  • multimorbidity
  • older adults
  • possible sarcopenia
  • well-being

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