Laser-Generated Leaky Acoustic Wave Imaging for Interventional Guidewire Guidance

Geng-Shi Jeng, Yi An Wang, Ping Yang Liu, Pai Chi Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Ultrasound (US) is widely used to visualize both tissue and the positions of surgical instruments in real time during surgery. Previously we proposed a new method to exploit US imaging and laser-generated leaky acoustic waves for needle visualization. Although successful, that method only detects the position of a needle tip, with the location of the entire needle deduced from knowing that the needle is straight. The purpose of the current study was to develop a beamforming-based method for the direct visualization of objects. The approach can be applied to objects with arbitrary shapes, such as the guidewires that are commonly used in interventional guidance. With this method, illumination by a short laser pulse generates photoacoustic waves at the top of the guidewire that propagate down its metal surface. These waves then leak into the surrounding tissue, which can be detected by an US array transducer. The time of flight consists of two parts: (1) the propagation time of the guided waves on the guidewire and (2) the propagation time of the US that leaks into the tissue. In principle, an image of the guidewire can be formed based on array beamforming by taking the propagation time on the metal into consideration. Furthermore, we introduced directional filtering and a matched filter to compress the dispersion signal associated with long propagation times. The results showed that guidewires could be detected at depths of at least 70 mm. The maximum detectable angle was 56.3°. Leaky acoustic wave imaging with a 1268-mm long guidewire was also demonstrated. The proposed method has considerable potential in new clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9389567
Pages (from-to)2496 - 2506
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Acoustic waves
  • guidewire
  • Imaging
  • laser-generated guided wave
  • leaky acoustic waves
  • Metals
  • Needles
  • Radio frequency
  • Transducers
  • Visualization


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