L17A/F19A substitutions augment the α-helicity of β-amyloid peptide discordant segment

Chu Ting Liang, Hsien Bin Huang, Chih Ching Wang, Yi Ru Chen, Chi Fon Chang*, Ming Shi Shiao, Yi G. Chen, Ta Hsien Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) aggregation has been thought to be associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Recently, we showed that L17A/F19A substitutions may increase the structural stability of wild-type and Arctic-type Aβ40 and decrease the rates of structural conversion and fibril formation. However, the underlying mechanism for the increase of structural stability as a result of the alanine substitutions remained elusive. In this study, we apply nuclear magnetic resonance and circular dichroism spectroscopies to characterize the Aβ40 structure, demonstrating that L17A/F19A substitutions can augment the α-helicity of the residues located in the α/β-discordant segment (resides 15 to 23) of both wild-type and Arctic-type Aβ40 . These results provide a structural basis to link the α-helicity of the α/β-discordant segment with the conformational conversion propensity of Aβ.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0154327
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2016


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