Kinetics of CN reactions with allene, butadiene, propylene and acrylonitrile

Michelle T. Butterfield, T. Yu, Ming-Chang Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The two-laser pump-probe technique has been used to study the kinetics of the reaction of CN radicals with C3H6, CD3C2H3, C3D6, C2H3CN, C3H4 and C4H6 at temperatures between 297 and 740 K. CN was generaged by 248-nm photolysis of ICN. Laser-induced fluorescence of the CN radical has been used for its detection by CN (B←X) excitation. The values for the rate constants, given in units of cm3/s, are reported as: k(C3H6)=10-9.88±0.10exp(+244 ±96.3/T), k(C3H3D3) = 10-9.76±0.04 exp (+143.4±35.1/T), k(C3D6)=10-9.87±0.05exp(+231. 4±47.01/T, k(C2H3CN)=10-10.52±0.02exp(+103. 6±20.3/T), k(C3H4)=10-9.58±0.08 ×exp(+167.4±73.7/T), k(C4H6)=10-9.59±0.04exp(+169. 2±33.1/T). The absolute rates of CN reactions with CH3CHCH2, CD3CHCH2 and CD3CDCD2 are essentially the same and are somewhat faster than that of the CN+C2H4 reaction. This suggests that the CN+C3H6 reaction occurs primarily by addition to the unsaturated bond and the CH3 group enhances the addition process slightly. The rate of the CN+CH2CHCN reaction, however, was found to be a factor of six slower than that of CN+C2H4, indicating a substantial electron withdrawing effect of the CN group in vinyl cyanide which results in the reduction in the addition rate. The rates for CN reaction with CH2CCH2 and CH2CHCHCH2 are approximately the same and are twice that of CN+C2H4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993


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