Keyhole diffusion tensor imaging (keyhole DTI) was previously proposed in cardiac imaging to reconstruct DTI maps from the reduced phase-encoding images. To evaluate the feasibility of keyhole DTI in brain imaging, keyhole and zero-padding DTI algorithms were employed on in vivo mouse brain. The reduced phase-encoding portion, also termed as the sharing rate, was varied from 50% to 90% of the full k-space. Our data showed that zero-padding DTI resulted in decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) and decreased mean apparent diffusion coefficient (mean ADC) in white matter (WM) regions. Keyhole DTI showed a better edge preservation on mean ADC maps but not on FA maps as compared to the zero-padding DTI. When increasing the sharing rate in keyhole approach, an underestimation of FA and an over- or underestimation of mean ADC were measured in WM depending on the selected reference image. The inconsistency of keyhole DTI may add a challenge for the wide use of this modality. However, with a carefully selected directive diffusion-weighted image to serve as the reference image in the keyhole approach, this study demonstrated that one may obtain DTI indices of reduced-encoding images with high consistency to those derived with full k-space DTI.
- Diffusion tensor imaging
- Magnetic resonance keyhole imaging
- Reduced encoding