Keloid-derived fibroblasts have a diminished capacity to produce prostaglandin E2

Fa Lai Yeh*, Horng Der Shen, Ming Wei Lin, Ching Yun Chang, Hsiao Yun Tai, Mei Hsiang Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Keloids result from pathological wound healing responses. However, the pathogenesis of keloids is still poorly understood. PGE2 was shown to decrease fibroblast proliferation, inhibit collagen synthesis and enhance the expression of matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs). This study sought to delineate the production of PGE2 by normal and keloid-derived dermal fibroblasts. Human normal and keloid dermal fibroblasts were cultured in vitro. Cell proliferation and viability were determined based on WST-1 assay. IL-1β-induced PGE2 production and effects of PGE2 on the synthesis of procollagen by culture-derived fibroblasts were determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) kits. IL-1β-induced MMP-1 production by culture-derived fibroblasts was determined with an MMP-1 immunoassay kit. Our results showed that normal and keloid-derived fibroblasts exhibited a statistically significant increase (p < 0.05) in cell proliferation when the cells were cultured in media with an increase in the concentrations (0%, 2% and 10%) of fetal bovine serum (FBS). In culture medium without FBS, an increase in cell proliferation of keloid-derived fibroblasts was detectable when compared with those of control fibroblasts. IL-1β (1 ng/ml and 10 ng/ml) stimulated statistically significant production (p < 0.01) of PGE2 by both normal and keloid-derived fibroblasts. However, lower levels of PGE2 produced by keloid-derived fibroblasts were detectable compared with those produced by normal-derived fibroblasts (p < 0.05). In this study, although not statistically significant, inhibition of procollagen production by PGE2 in a dose-dependent manner was found. In addition, decreased production of MMP-1 by keloid-derived fibroblasts compared with those of control fibroblasts was also observed. In conclusion, keloid-derived fibroblasts produced less PGE2 than those produced by control fibroblasts. The role of diminished capacity of PGE2 production in keloid formation is presently unknown and needs further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-304
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2006


  • Fibroblasts
  • Keloids
  • PGE


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