Irradiance Independent Spectrum Reconstruction from Camera Signals Using the Interpolation Method

Yu Che Wen, Senfar Wen*, Long Hsu, Sien Chi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The spectrum of light captured by a camera can be reconstructed using the interpolation method. The reconstructed spectrum is a linear combination of the reference spectra, where the weighting coefficients are calculated from the signals of the pixel and the reference samples by interpolation. This method is known as the look-up table (LUT) method. It is irradiance-dependent due to the dependence of the reconstructed spectrum shape on the sample irradiance. Since the irradiance can vary in field applications, an irradiance-independent LUT (II-LUT) method is required to recover spectral reflectance. This paper proposes an II-LUT method to interpolate the spectrum in the normalized signal space. Munsell color chips irradiated with D65 were used as samples. Example cameras are a tricolor camera and a quadcolor camera. Results show that the proposed method can achieve the irradiance independent spectrum reconstruction and computation time saving at the expense of the recovered spectral reflectance error. Considering that the irradiance variation will introduce additional errors, the actual mean error using the II-LUT method might be smaller than that of the ID-LUT method. It is also shown that the proposed method outperformed the weighted principal component analysis method in both accuracy and computation speed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8498
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • camera
  • linear interpolation
  • multispectral imaging
  • spectral reflectance recovery
  • spectrum reconstruction
  • weighted principal component analysis

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