IoT-Based Strawberry Disease Detection With Wall-Mounted Monitoring Cameras

Yi Bing Lin*, Chun You Liu, Wen Liang Chen, Chia Hui Chang, Fung Ling Ng, Krista Yang, Jerry Hsung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article proposes StrawberryTalk, an Internet of Things (IoT) platform for image-based strawberry disease detection. StrawberryTalk reuses the wall-mounted monitoring cameras without extra hardware cost. The contributions of StrawberryTalk are the utilization of IoT for automatic photo shoot and the wind detection mechanism to eliminate the obscure photos due to the wind effects. Also, the data preprocessing and the infection detection models are manipulated as IoT devices to simplify the implementation of the multicascade artificial intelligence (AI) models. We derive the relationship between the camera zoom factor and the distance between the camera and the strawberries for optimal disease detection. Accuracy of detection may be affected by obscure photos. In terms of eliminating obscure photos due to wind effect, we analytically derive the relationship between the wind alert delay and the number of obscure photos that must be retaken. For the greenhouses in the Bao Mountain, we only need to retake one photo. Based on the experiments, the mean average precision (mAP) of StrawberryTalk (to detect exact spots in a leaf) can be up to 92.37%, which is better than the previous approaches. To detect if a pot has infected leaves, the accuracy of StrawberryTalk can be up to 97.92% at the zoom factor 30×. In commercial operation, it is important to detect all infected strawberry pots. StrawberryTalk is able to detect all infected pots (i.e., recall is 100%) with a camera of zoom factor of 12× . The accuracy is 96.88%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1439-1451
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Cameras
  • disease detection
  • Diseases
  • hybrid deep learning
  • Internet of Things
  • machine learning
  • Monitoring
  • Plant diseases
  • Smart phones
  • strawberry
  • Training

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