Inverse design enables large-scale high-performance meta-optics reshaping virtual reality

Zhaoyi Li*, Raphaël Pestourie, Joon Suh Park, Yao-Wei Huang, Steven G. Johnson*, Federico Capasso*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Meta-optics has achieved major breakthroughs in the past decade; however, conventional forward design faces challenges as functionality complexity and device size scale up. Inverse design aims at optimizing meta-optics design but has been currently limited by expensive brute-force numerical solvers to small devices, which are also difficult to realize experimentally. Here, we present a general inverse-design framework for aperiodic large-scale (20k × 20k λ2) complex meta-optics in three dimensions, which alleviates computational cost for both simulation and optimization via a fast approximate solver and an adjoint method, respectively. Our framework naturally accounts for fabrication constraints via a surrogate model. In experiments, we demonstrate aberration-corrected metalenses working in the visible with high numerical aperture, poly-chromatic focusing, and large diameter up to the centimeter scale. Such large-scale meta-optics opens a new paradigm for applications, and we demonstrate its potential for future virtual-reality platforms by using a meta-eyepiece and a laser back-illuminated micro-Liquid Crystal Display.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2409
JournalNature Communications
StatePublished - 3 May 2022


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