Introduction to the SalSA, a saltdome shower array as a GZK neutrino observatory

David Saltzberg, Katsushi Arisaka, Ron Bain, Steven Barwick, James Beatty, David Besson, W. Robert Binns, Chien Wen Chen, Pisin Chen, Michael Cherry, Amy Connolly, Michael DuVernois, Clive Field, Manfred Fink, David Goldstein, Peter Gorham, Giorgio Gratta, T. Gregory Guzik, Francis Halzen, Carsten HastJay Hauser, Stephen Hoover, Charles Jui, Spencer Klein, John Learned, Guey-Lin Lin, Shige Matsuno, James Matthews, Radovan Milincic, Predrag Miocinovicn, Rolf Nahnhauer, Ji Woo Nam, Johnny Ng, Ryan Nichol, Allen Odian, Rene Ong, Buford Price, Kevin Reil, David Saltzberg, David Seckel, Pierre Sokolsky, Bob Svoboda, Ad Van Den Berg, Justin Vandenbroucke, Gary Varner, Dieter Walz, John Wefel, David Wieczorek, Jeffrey Wilkes

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The observed spectrum of ultra-high energy cosmic rays virtually guarantees the presence of ultra-high energy neutrinos due to their interaction with the cosmic microwave background. Every one of these neutrinos will point back to its source and, unlike cosmic rays, will arrive at the Earth unattenuated, from sources perhaps as distant as z=20. The neutrino telescopes currently under construction, should discover a handful of these events, probably too few for detailed study. In this talk I will describe how an array of VHF and UHF antennas embedded in a large salt dome, SalSA (Saltdome Shower Array) promises to yield a teraton detector (> 500 km3-sr) for contained neutrino events with energies above 1017 eV. Our simulations show that such a detector may observe several hundreds of these neutrinos over its lifetime. Our simulations also show how such interactions will provide high energy physicists with an energy frontier for weak interactions an order-of-magnitude larger than that of the LHC. The flavor ID capalities of SALSA, combined with the extreme L/E of these neutrinos, will provide a window on neutrino oscillations and decay times eight orders of magnitude higher than laboratory experiments. In addition to the latest simulation results, we describe progress on detectors and site selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-253
Number of pages2
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics A
Volume21
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2006

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