Multimedia communications require intra-media synchronization for video data to prevent potential playout discontinuity resulting from network delay variation (jitter) while still achieving satisfactory playout throughput. In this paper, we propose a neural-network-based intra-media synchronization mechanism, called Neural Network Smoother (NNS). NNS is composed of a Neural Network (NN) Traffic Predictor, an NN Window Determinator, and a window-based playout smoothing algorithm. The NN Traffic Predictor employs an on-line-trained Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN) to periodically predict future traffic characteristics. The NN Window Determinator determines the corresponding optimal window by means of an off-line-trained BPNN in an effort to achieve a maximum of the playout Quality (Q) value. According to the window, the window-based playout smoothing algorithm then dynamically adopts various playout rates. Compared to two other playout approaches, simulation results show that NNS achieves high-throughput and low-discontinuity playout under a variety of traffic arrivals.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 1996|
|Event||IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT 96) - Shanghai, China|
Duration: 2 Dec 1996 → 6 Dec 1996
|Conference||IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology (ICIT 96)|
|Period||2/12/96 → 6/12/96|