Interaction of Pd-Er alloys with silicon

G. Ottaviani*, King-Ning Tu, R. D. Thompson, J. W. Mayer, S. S. Lau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


In situ resistivity measurements together with MeV 4He + backscattering, x-ray diffraction, barrier height measurements, and Auger electron spectroscopy combined with Ar sputtering have been used to investigate the interaction of silicon with alloys of rare-earth and near-noble metals with annealing at temperatures up to 650°C. Alloys of Pd-Er with three different compositions have been prepared by dual electron-gun coevaporation on both n- and p-type silicon and Pd/Er bilayers have been deposited on SiO2. The results show that as-deposited these alloys are amorphous and the initial stages of the reaction with silicon upon annealing is controlled by the metal-metal interaction as well as the metal-silicon interaction. The Er-rich alloy (Pd15Er8 5) segregates Er to the silicon interface and forms Pd 2Er5. The segregated Er reacts with silicon producing ErSi2. For the Pd-rich alloy (Pd65Er 35) the excess Pd is segregated at the silicon surface forming Pd2Si. The near 50-50 alloy forms PdEr and a slightly higher temperature is necessary to promote the reaction with silicon to form the silicide of the excess component.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4614-4622
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1983


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