Integrative LHS for precision medicine research: A shared NIH and Taiwan CIMS experience

Ueng Cheng Yang, Tzu Hung Hsiao, Ching Heng Lin, Wei Ju Lee, Yu Shan Lee, Yang C. Fann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Precision medicine is an important milestone toward the attainment of personalized medicine. A learning health system (LHS) may facilitate the evidence collection and knowledge generation process for disease-based research and for the diagnosis, classification, or treatment of each disease subtype to improve patient care. Methods: The LHS design and implementation used by Taichung Veterans General Hospital (TCVGH) in Taiwan for their newly funded precision medicine research, a dementia registry study, was modeled from an LHS developed at the National Institutes of Health in the United States. This Clinical Informatics and Management System (CIMS), including its subsystems, facilitates and enhances operations associated with the institutional review board, clinical research data collection and study management, the hospital biobank, and the participating health research centers to support their precision medicine research aimed at improving patient care. Results: The implementation of a shared-design, full-cycle LHS with an enhanced CIMS, combined with hospital-based real-world data marts, has made the TCVGH dementia registry study a reality. The research data, including clinical assessment and genomics analysis information collected in CIMS, combined with data marts, are the foundation of the TCVGH dementia registry for outcome analyses. These high-quality datasets are useful for clinical validation, new hypotheses, and knowledge generation, leading to new clinical recommendations or guidelines for better patient treatment and care. The cyclic data flow supports the full-cycle LHS for TCVGH's dementia research to improve the care of elderly patients. Conclusions: Knowledge generation requires high-quality research and health care datasets. While the details of LHS implementation methods in the United States and Taiwan may differ slightly, the LHS concept design and basic system architecture, with improved CIMSs, were proven feasible. As a result, learning health processes in support of translational research and the potential for improvement in patient care were significantly facilitated.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere10071
JournalLearning Health Systems
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • dementia
  • integrative information system
  • multiple sclerosis
  • precision medicine

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