Influenza vaccination is associated with a reduced risk of invasive aspergillosis in high-risk individuals in Taiwan: a population-based cohort study

Yi Jyun Chen, I. Feng Lin, Jen Hsiang Chuang, Hung Ling Huang, Ta Chien Chan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Invasive aspergillosis (IA) has become the emerging life-threatening disease in recent years. Influenza has been identified as an independent risk factor for IA. Vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza, while whether it can reduce IA in high-risk population still uncertain. We aimed to investigate the association between influenza vaccination and the risk of IA in high-risk population. We performed a population-based cohort study of people who qualified for government-funded influenza vaccination and were at high risk for IA at the start of the influenza season each year between 2016 and 2019. We utilized Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Research Database to identify the influenza vaccination status and IA diagnosis during the follow-up period. We compared the risk of IA between people with and without vaccination using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Out of total 8,544,451 people who were eligible during the 3 influenza seasons, 3,136,477 (36.7%) were vaccinated. A total of 1179 IA cases with the incidence of 13.8 cases per 100,000 high-risk individuals were identified during the follow-up. Compared to non-vaccinated group, vaccinated individuals had a 21% risk reduction of IA (adjusted odds ratio 0.79, 95% confidence interval 0.70–0.90). Influenza vaccination was associated with a lower risk of IA among males, immunosuppressive conditions, malignancy, diabetes, and those having host factors according to the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and the Mycoses Study Group Education and Research Consortium. Influenza vaccination is recommended for high-risk population to reduce the risk of IA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2155584
JournalEmerging Microbes and Infections
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • chronic diseases
  • health insurance database
  • influenza superinfection
  • Influenza vaccination
  • invasive aspergillosis

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