Improvements in white matter micro-structural integrity of right uncinate fasciculus and left fronto-occipital fasciculus of remitted first-episode medication-naïve panic disorder patients

Chien Han Lai*, Yu Te Wu, Pei Ling Yu, Wei Yuan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We designed this study to investigate neural correlates of white matter micro-structural integrity of remitted patients with first-episode, medication-naïve and very late-onset panic disorder Method: Twenty-one remitted patients with panic disorder completed treatment course with treatment of escitalopram (dose range around 10-15 mg/d). Twenty-one healthy controls were also enrolled into this study. Patients and controls all received 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging diffusion tensor imaging scanning at baseline and 6th week. We utilized FDT (FMRIB's Diffusion Toolbox v2.0) function of FSL (FMRIB Software Library) to calculate fractional anisotropy (FA). We compared FA values of patients and controls at baseline and 6th week to estimate the changes of FA of remitted patient group and inter-scan bias of controls. FA outputs of remitted patients and controls were compared by independent t test. Results: We found increased FA in some regions of right uncinate fasciculus and left fronoto-occipital fasciculus after remission in patient group (corrected p<0.05). Reduced FA of other regions of right uncinate fasciculus was still observed in remitted patients when they were compared to the control group. Conclusion: Subtle changes of white matter micro-structural integrity after remission might represent neural correlates of treatment effects for first-episode, medication-naïve and very late-onset panic disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-336
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume150
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Escitalopram
  • Fronto-occipital fasciculus
  • Panic disorder
  • Uncinate fasciculus
  • White matter

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