Impacts of pulse conditions on endurance behavior of ferroelectric thin-film transistor non-volatile memory

William Cheng Yu Ma*, Chun Jung Su, Kuo Hsing Kao, Yao Jen Lee, Pin Hua Wu, Hsin Chun Tseng, Hsu Tang Liao, Yu Wen Chou, Min Yu Chiu, Yan Qing Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this work, the ferroelectric thin-film transistor (Fe-TFT) with polycrystalline-silicon (poly-Si) channel and HfZrO x gate dielectric is fabricated to study the characteristics of non-volatile memory (NVM). Significant threshold voltage (V TH) modulation can be achieved with low pulse voltages less than ±3.5 V and pulse widths within 1 μs. In order to achieve the NVM characteristics of low voltage and high speed operation, the impact of the program/erase (PRG/ERS) pulse voltage (V PRG/V ERS) and pulse width on endurance is a critical consideration. In the study of the pulse width effect on endurance, it can be observed that the V TH in PRG-state exhibits the wake-up effect at both short and long pulse widths. In addition, with the increase of pulse width, the V TH in the PRG-state exhibits significant fatigue effect and subthreshold swing (SS) degradation effect. For V TH in the ERS-state, the increase of the pulse width also exhibits the fatigue effect and the SS degradation effect, which is dominated by the SS degradation effect at long pulse widths. In the study of the pulse voltage effect on endurance, the increase of V PRG shows the imprint effect that the V TH in either PRG- or ERS-state reveals a decreasing trend. When the V ERS increases, the SS of the PRG- and ERS-states is degraded, and the fatigue effect of the PRG-state is enhanced. Moreover, the retention characteristics of poly-Si Fe-TFTs exhibit stable characteristics at both room temperature and 50 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035020
JournalSemiconductor Science and Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • endurance
  • ferroelectric memory
  • non-volatile memory
  • polycrystalline-silicon channel
  • thin-film transistor


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