Impact of Nanosheet Thickness on Performance and Reliability of Polycrystalline-Silicon Thin-Film Transistors With Double-Gate Operation

William Cheng Yu Ma*, Chun Jung Su, Kuo Hsing Kao, Jing Qiang Guo, Cheng Jun Wu, Po Ying Wu, Jia Yuan Hung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this work, the polycrystalline-silicon (poly-Si) thin-film transistors (TFTs) with double gates and nanosheet (NSH) channel structures were fabricated to investigate the impact of NSH channel thickness (tSi) ranging from 15 nm to 2 nm on device performance and reliability. Thinning tSi from 15 nm to 10 nm resulted in improved control of channel potential by the gate voltage, leading to a decreased threshold voltage (VTH) and subthreshold swing (SS). However, further reduction of tSi to 5 nm, while continuing to decrease SS, caused an increase in VTH due to the grain size reduction and quantum confinement (QC) effects. Lastly, reducing tSi to 2 nm resulted in an increase in both SS and VTH mainly due to the QC effect. In terms of reliability, under a fixed positive gate bias stress condition, thinning tSi enhanced the electric field stress, leading to more severe device damage. However, due to the enhanced ability of gate voltage control over the channel potential and the buried channel effect on electron transport resulting from thinning the channel thickness, there exists an optimal range between 10 nm and 5 nm for the selection of tSi in terms of the degradation of VTH, SS, and on-state current. Consequently, it is evident that for transistors utilizing NSH channels, the selection of tSi is not a case of 'the thinner, the better.' This finding highlights the need to consider the optimal tSi range between 10 nm and 5 nm, balancing the performance and reliability aspects of the device design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740-746
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology
Volume22
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • double gate
  • nanosheet channel
  • quantum confinement
  • reliability
  • Thin-film transistor

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