Background. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) may transform into blast crisis (BC) if not properly treated. Among patients with transformation, 20% to 30% will develop BC with lymphoid-associated antigens (Ly-BC), and the remaining cases with myeloid-associated antigens (My-BC) or with both (Mix-BC). In this study, we investigated the lineage of blast cells in CML-BC using immunophenotypic and genetic analyses and analyzed the prognostic significance of genotypic change in CML-BC. Methods. Twenty-one patients with CML-BC diagnosed at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital from 1982 to 1992 were included. Immunophenotyping was done by using the avidin-biotin immunoperoxidase technique. Genetic analyses were carried out by using Southern Blot hybridization. The prognostic influence of genotypic change was analyzed. Results. Thirteen patients (61.9%) expressed myeloid-associated antigens, one patient (4.8%) expressed megakaryoblast-associated antigens, four patients (19%) expressed B lymphoid-associated antigens and three patients (14.3 %) expressed both myeloid and B lymphoid antigens. Clonal rearrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene was found in six cases. Among them, four expressed B lymphoid markers only and two expressed both myeloid and B lymphoid markers. Patients with clonal IgH gene rearrangement tended to have a better response to chemotherapy (50% vs 8.3%, p = 0.08) and significantly longer survival (median survival, 5 months vs 3 months, p < 0.05) than did those with a germline configuration. Conclusions. Clonal rearrangement of the IgH gene was found mostly in cases of Ly-BC and Mix-BC. We found that CML-BC with clonal rearrangement of the IgH gene had a more favorable prognosis than in cases with a germline configuration.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Chinese Medical Journal (Taipei)|
|State||Published - Nov 2000|
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Gene rearrangement