Hyperuricemia and the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation - Could it refine clinical risk stratification in AF?

Tze Fan Chao, Chia Jen Liu, Su Jung Chen, Kang Ling Wang, Yenn Jiang Lin, Shih Lin Chang, Li Wei Lo, Yu Feng Hu, Ta Chuan Tuan, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Hsuan Ming Tsao, Shih Ann Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Although hyperuricemia has been reported to be a risk factor of stroke, the relationship between hyperuricemia and stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) remains uncertain. The goal of the present study was to investigate whether hyperuricemia could potentially refine clinical risk stratification in AF. Methods This study used the "National Health Insurance Research Database" in Taiwan. A total of 7601 AF patients who did not receive antiplatelet agents or oral anticoagulants were identified as the study population. Hyperuricemia was defined as having at least one episode of gout attack necessitating long-term treatment with uric acid-lowering agents. The association between hyperuricemia and ischemic stroke was analyzed. Results During the follow up of 3.0 ± 2.7 years, 1116 patients (14.7%) experienced ischemic stroke with an annual rate of around 4.9%. Hyperuricemia significantly predicts stroke, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.280 after adjusting for CHA2DS2-VASc score and other comorbidities. Among the 376 patients with a CHA2DS2VASc score of 0, hyperuricemia can further stratify them into 2 groups with different stroke rates (7.1% versus 1.3%, p = 0.020). The adjusted HR of hyperuricemia in predicting ischemic stroke diminished from 7.491 for patients with a CHA2DS 2-VASc score of 0 to 1.659 for those with a score of 3, and became insignificant for patients with a score ≥ 4. Conclusions Hyperuricemia was a significant risk factor of stroke which could potentially refine the clinical risk stratification in AF. It deserves a prospective trial to investigate whether it would change the current strategy for stroke preventions using oral anticoagulants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-349
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume170
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • CHADS-VASc score
  • Hyperuricemia
  • Stroke

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