Facile and cost-efficient hydrothermally grown 3-D tungsten trioxide WO3nanowires (NWs) network film on seed-free fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrates without using additive or capping agent is reported. The NW networks are hexagonal phase and the morphologies are changed by adjusting the pH of precursor solutions. Growth mechanism of WO3NWs is also extensively discussed. The designed porous film exhibits remarkable enhancement of the electrochromic (EC) properties. In particular, a significant optical modulation (57% at 632 nm), fast color switching speed (bleaching: 7 s and coloration: 21 s), high coloration efficiency ( 120.3 cm2 C -1 at 632 nm), high Li+ diffusion coefficient (2.14 × 10-9 cm2 s-1) , and excellent cycling stability (87% after 1000 cycles) are achieved for the 3-D NWs film. The improved EC properties are mainly attributed to the highly porous film, which makes the Li+ diffusion becomes easier and provides larger specific surface area for charge-transfer reactions. Furthermore, we also reported an EC device (50 mm × 50 mm) with a simple two-electrode configuration showing high optical contrast. The 3-D WO3 NWs network film acts as an excellent EC material.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2014|
- Electrochromic device
- Growth mechanism
- Tungsten trioxide