HLR replication protocols for global mobility management in PCS networks

Gwo Chuan Lee, Tsan Pin Wang*, Chien-Chao Tseng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The new trend for PCS networks is to provide mobile users with large-scale mobile capability across many service areas. In this scenario, global database management for PCS networks has become an increasingly important research issue. In this paper, we examined two replicated database strategies, single-replica (SR) and multiple-replica (MR), for large-scale mobility of per-user data management in personal communication networks. The SR strategy uses a single replica approach of HLR. The MR strategy replicates the per-user data of HLR in many regions. The two strategies are based a partial replication scheme, and a primary copy method is used to maintain replicas' consistency. Our numerical results show that the MR strategy outperforms the SR strategy in most situations; however, it may be worse when the probability of a mobile user visiting a foreign region is high and the query rates from other foreign regions are low. Additionally, the number of replicas should be compact in the MR strategy in order to achieve a reasonable query response time. Therefore, we propose an adaptive multiple replication protocol to choose a suitable replication strategy and to decide the optimized number of replicas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-95
Number of pages25
JournalWireless Personal Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2003


  • HLR replication
  • Mobility databases
  • Mobility management
  • Personal communication services


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